Message from the Principal

Dear Parents and Carers

End of Year Concert

It was fabulous to see so many families at the end of year concert last Thursday. We were very fortunate with the weather, as it had been considerably more breezy earlier in the afternoon. Once again, I’d like to acknowledge the initiative and financial support of the P & C, led by Kate Marquis and Kym Szwedzicki, that enabled the concert to be staged on the upper oval. Congratulations to Mrs Davey, Mr McGuffin and Kindy and Pre-Primary staff for teaching the songs performed so enthusiastically by our almost 400 students, and for all staff for their support of the event.

I would also like to acknowledge Year 6 students Grace B and Megan V, who were the creative thinkers behind the idea of travelling around the world through music when it wasn’t possible to do so in a practical sense. Music Leaders Grace and Megan, originally hatched a plan that would have seen a digital recording made of each class performing music from their own corner of the globe, to be shared with the school community. How fortunate we were to experience this live! Thank you to all our students for bringing us so much joy with their wonderful performances.

Kindness, Consideration and Service for Others

Thank you to everyone in our community who has already contributed generously to the St Vincent de Paul appeal and the Give Write initiative. Your donations of grocery items for Christmas and stationery items for the 2021 school year continue to be gratefully accepted, and passed on to those in need. Despite often considerable evidence to the contrary at times, children absorb the things we say and do; and subconsciously form views about what it is that the adults in their lives value. Kindness, consideration and service for others are noble personal qualities to aspire to.

School Board

Today you will have received information about three parents who have kindly offered to be part of our School Board, starting in February 2021, and for a period of one, two or three years. Board members are ‘your voice’ during this time and I strongly encourage you to consider what each of the nominees bring to the Board, and take two minutes to vote. My grateful thanks to Felicity Maher, Steve Hendry and Kate Bardill for their willingness to serve the community in this way.

End of Term

There are only seven days of school remaining, and for the majority of Kapinara students this involves swimming lessons! An unusually large number of personal items will likely disappear during this time. Please try to mark personal items with your child’s initials – at least. On Friday afternoon we will gather items of ‘lost property’ and put them out under the two large trees in front of the school office. We will do the same next Wednesday afternoon following the final swimming lesson.


We are fortunate to require only a small number of rules, but those that we have are in place to keep everyone safe (physically and emotionally). They remain important until the end of term, and are particularly important as everyone becomes increasingly tired and/or excited and often decreasingly able to manage their emotions and behaviour.

Being respectful (of yourself and others) and being kind (to oneself and others) cover most behaviours, but I also urge everyone (children and adults) to stay safe travelling to and from school. This includes arriving at school and leaving school.

  • Please do not walk, or allow your child to walk or bring bikes through the staff carpark or down the staff driveway
  • Please don’t pull into, and reverse out of, driveways on Catesby St at pick-up or drop-off times
  • Please keep ‘Kiss and Drive’ flowing smoothly

Thank you for being part of a school community that values kindness, respect and keeping each other safe!

Best wishes

Message from the Principal – Week 7

Dear Parents and Carers

It was lovely to be able to gather for several recent events.

Remembrance Day

Congratulations and thank you to Mrs Powell and her Year 4 class for leading us through a thoughtful Remembrance Day service on 11 November. Thank you also to those who purchased poppies to support Legacy WA.







Year 5/6 Classes Assembly

We enjoyed the dance item that 5/6D and 5/6S created and performed, so much that we asked them to do it all again. What a fabulous product of history, dance and creativity coming together for their energetic performance. Congratulations to our talented students and the teachers who supported them – Mrs Dixon, Miss Stewart and Ms Burrows.









We were very fortunate to not only come together in large numbers, but to do so in the lovely auditorium at Churchlands SHS. The orchestra, under the direction of Ms Bak, performed two pieces to open the Soiree and the choir, under the direction of Mrs Davey, performed two pieces to close. In between, we were treated to performances by the Year 6 instrumental music students. It was a fabulous evening. Congratulations everyone!! You can view some of the photos taken on the night in our photo gallery.

P & C

Last night was our final P & C meeting for 2020, and we farewelled long-standing member John Scott, as the last of his three children will finish primary school this year. Thank you John … and others for whom this will be their final year contributing to the efforts of our P & C.   

The P & C will however, continue to work hard to help us bring to life a special end-of-year concert on the top oval. The valuable contributions our community has made to the P & C this year, and thus the school and its students, will be on display once more as it is the P & C that is funding the hire of a stage and lighting. Thank you once again 🙂  The P & C will be running a sausage sizzle on the evening (pre-orders ONLY), but families are also welcome to bring a picnic on the evening of Thursday 3 December

At last night’s meeting I heard a rumour that when Kirsten has an extra volunteer in the canteen, the children are able to purchase ice-creams that day. PLEASE consider volunteering as Kirsten works incredibly hard to keep the canteen running in these last few weeks.

We are looking forward to our final assembly led by the children in 2BJ on Friday morning. I wonder what they have in store for us …

Personal Requirements Lists

Next week families will be able to access the Personal Requirements Lists for each year level. Considerable time and thought goes into these lists, and they are endorsed by the School Board. As these lists ‘go live’ via our website, teachers will send home any stationery that has not been used by your child or children. If however you would like to donate any unused stationery items to Give Write, they will be gratefully accepted by that organisation who will repackage them for families in need. We will provide more information about this soon.

Kindy Picnics

We hope our Kindy students and their families thoroughly enjoy their upcoming picnics on the lower playground. We are still planning one more for Year 1 and 2 students!
Please keep an eye out for an email from me tomorrow re (i) information for 2021 class planning; and (ii) nominations for two new members of our School Board.

Stay well and safe.


Principal’s Message – Week 4

Dear Parents and Carers

Arts Night

It was wonderful to welcome so many families to our fabulous Arts Night last week. I’d like to congratulate the Year 1-6 students and Ms Trovarelli, and the Kindergarten and Pre-Primary students and their teachers and Education Assistants, on the range of creative and inspiring art works. It was such a lovely afternoon/evening.

We also have some student artwork being showcased at Floreat Forum and the Cambridge Library in lieu of the annual Town of Cambridge Local Schools Art Exhibition. Having seen the quality of artwork presented on Arts Night, you will appreciate how difficult Ms Trovarelli finds the task of selecting individual artworks for the exhibition each year. Congratulations to those students whose work was selected this year.








P & C

Thanks to the P & C for the very popular sausage sizzle which enabled families to juggle after school events, dinner and Arts Night with greater ease.

I would also like to thank the P & C and parent community for another highly successful quiz night. As I’ve said many times, the amazing efforts of the P & C and everyone who support their endeavours, mean that we are able to provide equipment, resources and activities that would take us considerably longer to provide if we didn’t have this very high level of support. Our most recent requests have included:

  • some additional Beebots (simple programmable digital devices) and accessories, including barriers and sensors that extend their creative use; and
  • an amazing HaSS (Humanities and Social Sciences) resource called Our Land, Our Stories created in partnership with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AISTSIS). The resource will support teaching and learning in all year levels around Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, histories and cultures. You might like to have a quick look at the resource via the link

The next significant and long anticipated item on the ‘wish-list’ will be the addition of several swings to the playground on the lower oval. We are incredibly fortunate to have a small dedicated team of P & C members who invest many, many hours of their time to ensure we have a ‘P & C run’ uniform shop and canteen. The canteen particularly is also dependent on the help of volunteers. PLEASE, PLEASE contact Kirsten Piccinini if you are able to help in the canteen one morning between now and the end of the term. Your support will be greatly appreciated, whether you are able to schedule a date and time, or offer to be on standby for a session. Thanks to those who have already helped out this year. Let’s do everything we can to keep our canteen running twice a week!

IMSS (Instrumental Music School Services)

Over the last few weeks, we have continued to work through a selection process to identify individual students who may be offered a highly sought after place in the instrumental music program from 2021. We plan to finalise the process in the next day or so, and all families who submitted an Expression of Interest on behalf of their child will receive notification of whether their child has been offered a place in the program, or not. We appreciate that there will be some disappointed children, although those in Year 2 and Year 3 are likely to have an opportunity to apply again in subsequent years (as a significant number of current Year 4 students have done this year).

School Board

At the end of 2020 the tenure of two parent members of the School Board will end. On behalf of the Board and the school community they represent, I would like to sincerely thank Jen Mintz and Dale Miller for the time and effort they have committed to their roles over the last several years. Both have been strong advocates for the students, their families and the school. Dale Miller has been our Board Chair for the past two years, and stepped down from this role last night to support the transition of our newly elected Chair Ms Vanessa Elliott (mother of Alessia in Year 1). Congratulations Vanessa. Our final meeting for the year will be held on Monday 30 November.

I will be sending a separate email seeking nominations for the positions that will become vacant, and will direct you to some information about what the role involves. In the meantime I would be grateful if you would give this your consideration.

Picnics on the Lower Oval

The Pre-Primary, Year 1 and Year 2 students have now enjoyed a lunchtime picnic on the lower oval with one or two family members who were available. Mrs Mee and Mrs Norton-Smith are currently finalising two dates that will enable the Kindergarten students to do the same this term, and we will also advise Year 1 and 2 families of at least one more picnic lunch date in the next week or two.


On Sunday 8 November our Music Specialist Ms Sarina Li will become Mrs Sarina Davey when she marries her fiancé Steven. On behalf of the school community I’d like to wish them every happiness, starting with their special day!

Miss Li will take a few days leave, but return in time for the Soiree (formerly ‘Strings Night’) at Churchlands SHS on Wednesday 18 November. We hope many of you will join us for that event.

In the meantime …

Best wishes
Elizabeth Blackwell

Latest News – Week 2

Dear Parents and Carers

PP – Year 4 Interm Swimming

This 8-day series of lessons is not until the last two weeks of this term (7 – 16 December), and replaces the lessons that were cancelled earlier in the year because of COVID-19. We usually have our lessons at Bold Park, however it is fully booked at that time so we have been reallocated to Scarborough Beach Pool. We have been allocated afternoon timeslots.

As this is an outdoor venue can I make a couple of suggestions?

  • If your child needs a new rashie, consider getting a long sleeved one.
  • Between now and the commencement of lessons please make sure that your child is capable of applying their own sunscreen, especially our younger students. Teachers will supervise but will not be able to apply sunscreen to each and every child.

Permission and information notes will be sent out soon.


Brightpath Numeracy Trial Year 2 – 6

Brightpath is a Western Australian organisation who support teachers to use professional judgements to make high-quality assessments in a range of learning domains. At Kapinara we use the Brightpath writing assessment platform and have now been invited to trial a new suite of numeracy assessments.

Students in Year 2 – 6 will be completing a number of numeracy assessments, commencing the week beginning 2 November. The assessments comprise of multiple-choice and short response questions. Students will complete the assessments on-line.

The assessment feedback will inform changes that may be required in the future. Our Brightpath coordinator is Mrs Kylie Powell and should you require further information she can be contacted at

2021 Year 7 ICT Information Session – Churchlands SHS
Parents of children attending Churchlands Senior High School in 2021 in Year 7, are invited to attend an ICT information session next Tuesday, 27 October 2020 in the concert hall at CSHS at 5pm. Click here for details

Pre-Primary Planting Session
This week the Pre-Primary classes had a planting session.  Bunnings usually comes to the school to do a planting session with the children, but like most things this year, it wasn’t possible.  So Anke Woodland, our “Patch” co-ordinator,  rallied a few parents to help with the planting session instead.  Everyone had a great morning.

Back in Term 2 the children planted garlic, and here they are showing off the recent harvest!






Pre-Primary Picnic
A reminder to parents and carers, that you are invited to join PP1 and PP2 students on the lower oval during their lunchbreak on Thursday, 22 October 2020,  11.30-12.30. You only need a picnic rug and lunch. Please provide children with their regular healthy lunches; the treat is having you share their lunchtime!

Year 6 Camp
Rottnest – what a fabulous location for Year 6 Camp! The weather was perfect, the water was warm(ish) and there was so much to see and do. Our Year 6s successfully rode to the West End and back; learned about history, geography, sustainability and Aboriginal culture; took part in night-time activities such as stargazing and a quiz night; and entertained us with their performances during dorm inspections. Students particularly loved the swimming and buying lunch in Thompson Bay on the last day. A particular thank you to our very capable parent helpers – we couldn’t have done it without you!

Congratulations to everyone who took part; it was exhausting, but an incredible amount of fun.

Joanne Dixon, Georgia Stewart and Dean Hodgson

Principal’s Message – End of Term

Dear Parents and Carers

I’m not sure where Term 3 has gone really. Term 2 seemed to zoom by, and Term 3 seems to have also passed quickly. Having said that, most of us are well and truly ready to have some ‘down’ time and a good rest! Let’s hope for some lovely weather.

The last two to three weeks have been quite eventful.


Congratulations and thank you to the following three students who so capably represented our school at last week’s local schools’ Speech Night. Mila G (Year 5) and Noa M and Stephanie W (both Year 6) represented Kapinara. All nine speakers presented a thoughtful speech that was polished, well-structured and engaging. As you will have noted in a previous post, Stephanie W was the top performer. Congratulations Stephanie!

Interschool Athletics

Over 60 of our students in Years 3-6 represented Kapinara at the Interschool Athletics event last week. It was lovely to greet everyone as they came off the bus at the very end of the day. They were so proud of their efforts and achievements, and delighted to have performed so well. Not only did Kapinara place third overall, but Xavier M received the award for Year 3 Champion Boy; and Mila G and Owen M (both Year 5), and Stephanie W and Eita S (both Year 6) received Runners-Up awards. Congratulations! Thank you to all students who represented our school; and thanks to Ms Burrows and Mr Hodgson for the ongoing training and support that underpins the students’ skilled performance and sportsmanship.

Cyber Safety Education

Huge thanks to the P & C for funding last week’s evening presentation by Clinical Psychologist Jordan Foster. Teaching staff completed a two-hour session with Jordan immediately before. I’m sure that everyone who attended found the information presented really helpful … if not a little frightening!

Crunch and Sip – The Great Vegie Crunch

The Great Vegie Crunch, an initiative supported by the Cancer Council WA and Healthway, was brought to life last Friday by Canteen Manager Kirsten P and a couple of trusty helpers. Kapinara students were treated to individual vegie snack packs. Many thanks to Kirsten for bringing the initiative to our attention, and for making it happen!

Year 1 and 2 Picnic

Today many parents of children in Years 1 and 2 joined us for a picnic lunch on the lower oval. The weather was perfect, and it was a lovely opportunity for everyone to get together. We look forward to arranging another one or two of these early in Term 4 … and also one for our Pre-Primaries!

Crazy Sock Day

Today was crazy sock day … and the socks were certainly crazier than usual. Thanks to everyone for joining in the fun and for your gold coin donations. The $420 raised, will be sent directly to Take 3 for the Sea. 










Just a reminder for Term 4, that NORMAL sock wear should be plain short white socks 😉

Years 2-4 FINAL CALL – 2021 Instrumental Music Program

This the final reminder for students currently in Years 2, 3 and 4 who would like to be considered for selection into the Department of Education’s Instrumental Music program next year. If you haven’t yet submitted an Expression of Interest, and you would like your child to be considered, you will need to complete a form and return tomorrow (Thursday) or email by Friday at the latest. Please refer to information provided in our website post.

Vacation Care

Just a reminder that a Vacation Care program will be available through YMCA, who run the Out of School Hours Care program at Kapinara PS. YMCA Kapinara Vacation Care October 2020

I look forward to seeing some of you at 1/2 TB’s assembly tomorrow morning. Best wishes from all of us for a great (SAFE) holiday break. We look forward to seeing you in a couple of weeks.

Elizabeth Blackwell








Principal’s Message – Administration of Medication

Dear Parents and Carers

I wanted to take the opportunity to share with you some information regarding the administration of medication.

Upon enrolment of a child, parents complete a ‘Student Health Care Summary’ form. The form includes health information such as allergies and any other diagnosed conditions; emergency contact details; parent consent to share health information and what support, if any, the child needs at school. It is essential that these details are updated when there are any changes.

Students who need medical support at school must have a ‘Management and Emergency Response Plan’. Most commonly these plans relate to allergies and asthma, but may also include things like Diabetes and seizures.

Student Medication

  • School staff can administer medication to a student with written approval from a parent or carer. The exception is that parent approval is not required in an emergency such as unexpected anaphylaxis.
  • Long-term medication
    Prescribed or non-prescribed medication that a student is required to take during school hours due to an ongoing medical condition. This will be recorded in the student’s Health Care Plan.
  • Short-term medication
    Parents may request that school staff administer prescribed or non-prescribed medication for students for a short period of time (antibiotics, Panadol etc).  That is, for less than two weeks and/or for a condition that doesn’t require a long-term health care plan. For this to occur, parents must complete an Administration of Medication form, which is available on our website. For medication to be administered to a child at school, medication must be provided in its original packaging with the student’s name and the required dosage.


Best wishes
Elizabeth Blackwell


Assemblies for Term 3

Dear Parents and Carers
We are pleased to announce that assemblies will resume this term. They will however, look slightly different to our ‘normal’ assemblies. We are keen to make sure every class has an opportunity to perform an assembly item, and to welcome parents in to see their children at assemblies. At the same time, we wish to maintain everyone’s safety and some level of social distancing as far as possible.
We will therefore be conducting assemblies in ‘phases of learning’. Only students from PP – Year 2 will attend assemblies performed by those year groups; and only students from Year 3 – Year 6 will attend assemblies performed by those year groups. Due to the reduced timescale, in order to ‘fit in’ all the assemblies before the end of the year, some classes will combine to perform their assembly item.
We are delighted to announce that the first assembly for the term will involve the students from Pre-Primary 1 and Pre-Primary 2!

Term 3 Assembly Schedule
14 August                    PP1 and PP 2
21 August                    2D
4 September               1C and 1T
11 September             4P and 4ZW
18 September             5LJ
24 September             1/2TB    ( Please note this is a THURSDAY.)

Best wishes

Elizabeth Blackwell

Principal’s Message Term 3 return

Dear Families

I hope you have all had a safe, healthy and happy two weeks. We look forward to welcoming everyone back on Monday. A special first time welcome to our six new students and their families.

I’d like to take this opportunity to thank you for responding so promptly to the survey in the last week of Term 2. I will share some more detailed information from the survey with you next week. For the time being however, I wanted to confirm that we will continue the pick-up and drop arrangements that have been in place since Term 2. I have included a copy of the most relevant graph, for your information.

I would like to reassure you that the different pick-up and drop-off arrangements do not reflect a change in the way in which we think about our school community.

Many schools in our state and beyond, manage pick-up and drop-off arrangements in this way (for a range of reasons), and maintain extremely strong relationships with their families and school communities. I have no reason to believe that we would be any different, and the future is in our hands.

While Perth and WA remain in good health, we will move forward with the planning that was in place for Term 3 prior to the COVID-19 measures. With a few tweaks here and there,
we are looking forward to resuming choir, orchestra, athletics club before school, school banking and volunteers in the canteen and classrooms. We will send home more information about
these things early next week. I will also be in touch re assemblies and an opportunity for families to visit classrooms; and we are planning for our regular Faction Athletics Carnival, and
(hopefully) an interschool carnival to follow.  … and I’m confident that the P & C will be ready to roll out one or two cake stalls sooner rather than later 😉

This term we will also celebrate Science Week. Science Week and Book Week occur so closely together on the calendar, that several years ago we decided to alternate which would be
the focus for the year. This year we focus on Science Week, and we are excited about the 2020 theme Deep Blue: innovations for the future of our oceans.

We are incredibly fortunate to be in a position where our students can return to school on Monday. We will continue to hold very high expectations around health and hygiene.
The State Government has extended funding for additional cleaning, and we will continue to prioritise positive health practices for staff and students. Families are asked to continue
to do their part by keeping children at home if they are unwell.

Finally, Mrs Knowles will be on Long Service Leave for the first five weeks of this term. We trust that she will have a wonderful time in the much warmer, northern part of WA.
Mrs Joanne Dixon will undertake the Deputy Principal role in her absence.

Best wishes for the remainder of your weekend. I look forward to seeing you next week.

Elizabeth J

Principal’s Message

Dear Parents and Carers

I must confess, I am wondering where the last ten weeks has gone. Thank you for continuing to work with us throughout this time to keep our school community safe … and to ensure that the learning and wellbeing of Kapinara students has remained our collective priority. Like you, I am incredibly grateful to be living in Western Australia!

Family Survey

This afternoon you will have received an email from me, seeking your perspectives on the impact on your family, of some measures put in place in response to COVID-19. This was followed by an email containing a survey link. The survey should only take a few minutes, and will available until Thursday afternoon.

Semester Reports

As you will be aware from my message in Week 8, the Australian Government, in response to school disruptions, advised that Semester 1 student reports would not require ‘grades’ as they normally would. We have however, for two out of three strands of English and Maths, indicated whether each child is currently achieving at the expected standard, above or below. This is the case for students in Pre-Primary to Year 6. Most other learning areas contain a description of the key learning focuses for Semester 1. Please be assured that while this semester’s reports don’t contain ‘grades’ or indicate levels of achievement on a five point scale as they normally would, teachers have continued to gather and record information pertaining each child’s learning. This information, combined with information that will be gathered throughout Semester 2, will inform the grades your child will receive at the end of the year.

Kindergarten students receive a report based on key outcomes within the Early Years Learning Framework. This is an Australian framework developed for children up to the age of eight years, although most of our schools ‘shift’ to the WA Curriculum to guide teaching and learning when children start Pre-Primary.

It is the intention that semester reports will (under ‘normal‘ circumstances) provide parents with information about their child’s levels of achievement, their efforts and work habits, and their strengths and interests, at two key points in time each year. Please be aware however, that you can seek information about your child and ‘how he/she is going‘ at any point throughout the year. There are several ways to do this – you might simply send a brief email to check in; request a phone call or request a meeting with your child’s teacher. 

The survey sent today also contains a couple of questions about preferred times, if we were to arrange an afternoon/evening visit to classrooms and/or schedule parent-teacher meetings. It would be great to receive a response on behalf of most, if not all families.

My best wishes for a safe and relaxing holiday … close to home? 🙂 

Elizabeth Blackwell

Principal’s Message Week 8

Dear Parents and Carers

Assemblies, Incursions and Excursions

Assemblies, incursions and excursions are able to resume, but must adhere to a maximum of 100 people indoor (which would include the undercover area) and 300 in outdoor settings. However it also remains the case that only 100 parents/carers can be on the school grounds at one time. The one person per 2 square metres also applies. We are currently considering how we might proceed from the beginning of Term 3.

School Board

The School Board met on site last night and have scheduled an open meeting for Monday 17 August 2020 (Week 5). The meeting will be held in the school library at 6:00pm. One of the key focuses will be looking at student performance and wellbeing data from 2019, and On-Entry Assessment data from early 2020. You will receive a reminder about this next term.

P & C

The P & C have continued to work hard, primarily via ZOOM, and are currently running a special fundraiser. You will have seen the notifications in a variety of forums, including the P & C Facebook page. We receive wonderful support from families via the P & C. This year we have been able to purchase the gymnastics equipment used by children from Pre-Primary to Year 6, some Lego to be used in conjunction with robotics, and some furniture that can be used flexibly in the Technologies Room (Room 10) – courtesy of our P & C.

The P & C also contributed $30 000 toward the establishment of the new nature playground on the lower oval … and then another $11 000 to install the slide and tepee components! Most of you will have experienced the wonder of the new playground. The plan for the future is to add some hammocks (for chilling out) and some swings. For those of you who are relatively new to Kapinara, research and planning for the playground included significant input from our students. They identified what sorts of features they wanted; viewed and discussed different images and representations of these features; recorded their preferences etc. It was very much a team effort and an example of what we call ‘student voice’.

It has also been lovely to see families again using the playground on the upper oval after school (please just be mindful that this playground was designed for children in Years 3-6).

The P & C will also return to meeting on the school site when they reconvene next term. They are keen to welcome new faces, even if only for one or two meetings.

Third Parties On Site

Netball, basketball, hockey and tennis training has resumed before/after school. Those responsible are aware of the need for enhanced hygiene practices and physical distancing among adults, who can once again watch their child train.

Semester 1 Reports

The Department of Education recently determined that while the regular Reporting to Parents template will be used for Semester 1 reports, public schools would not be required to report student achievement on a five-point scale (or using A-E grades). This followed a temporary amendment made to legislation by the Australian Government in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Teachers at Kapinara will indicate whether students are currently achieving at the expected standard, above or below, in English and Maths. They will also provide a statement about the focuses for learning throughout Semester 1 in the other learning areas, indicate the level of students’ ‘effort’ in each area, and provide a general comment. I will provide some more information about assessment and reporting in the next two weeks.

Finally, thank you for your extra care and attention at pick-up time each afternoon. Things aren’t perfect but they are certainly a lot better.

Best wishes
Elizabeth Blackwell